[Free Best] The Difference: How the Power of Diversity Creates Better Groups, Firms, Schools, and SocietiesAuthor Scott E. Page – 91videos.co

In This Landmark Book, Scott Page Redefines The Way We Understand Ourselves In Relation To One Another The Difference Is About How We Think In Groups And How Our Collective Wisdom Exceeds The Sum Of Its Parts Why Can Teams Of People Find Better Solutions Than Brilliant Individuals Working Alone And Why Are The Best Group Decisions And Predictions Those That Draw Upon The Very Qualities That Make Each Of Us Unique The Answers Lie In Diversity Not What We Look Like Outside, But What We Look Like Within, Our Distinct Tools And Abilities The Difference Reveals That Progress And Innovation May Depend Less On Lone Thinkers With Enormous IQs Than On Diverse People Working Together And Capitalizing On Their Individuality Page Shows How Groups That Display A Range Of Perspectives Outperform Groups Of Like Minded Experts Diversity Yields Superior Outcomes, And Page Proves It Using His Own Cutting Edge Research Moving Beyond The Politics That Cloud Standard Debates About Diversity, He Explains Why Difference Beats Out Homogeneity, Whether You Re Talking About Citizens In A Democracy Or Scientists In The Laboratory He Examines Practical Ways To Apply Diversity S Logic To A Host Of Problems, And Along The Way Offers Fascinating And Surprising Examples, From The Redesign Of The Chicago El To The Truth About Where We Store Our KetchupPage Changes The Way We Understand Diversity How To Harness Its Untapped Potential, How To Understand And Avoid Its Traps, And How We Can Leverage Our Differences For The Benefit Of All


10 thoughts on “The Difference: How the Power of Diversity Creates Better Groups, Firms, Schools, and Societies

  1. says:

    Great theme, but tedious to read Just learn these few items and skip the book having a very diverse group of people involved in a project yields better performance thediverse the better cognitive diversity isimportant than demographic diversity different kinds of cognitive diversity include1 different paradigms different schema for modeling the world 2 different values different outcomes you are trying to maximize 3 different processes different approaches to putting Great theme, but tedious to read Just learn these few items and skip the book having a very diverse group of people involved in a project yields better performance thediverse the better cognitive diversity isimportant than demographic diversity different kinds of cognitive diversity include1 different paradigms different schema for modeling the world 2 different values different outcomes you are trying to maximize 3 different processes different approaches to putting things together


  2. says:

    Cognitive diversity is the diversity that matters, enhancing the creativity and efficiency of group problem solving demographic diversity causes group incohesion, strange results like physical violence Ed and group dynamics that create no end of problems This book tries to straddle the line between and even reconcile the two diverse diversities, a Sisyphean task other researchers Murray, Putnam have shown extraordinarily difficult at best, even under controlled laboratory conditions Cognitive diversity is the diversity that matters, enhancing the creativity and efficiency of group problem solving demographic diversity causes group incohesion, strange results like physical violence Ed and group dynamics that create no end of problems This book tries to straddle the line between and even reconcile the two diverse diversities, a Sisyphean task other researchers Murray, Putnam have shown extraordinarily difficult at best, even under controlled laboratory conditions i.e., impossible.Page focuses on intellectual diversity the inverse of an echo chamber while paying lip service to the multicult and ethnic diversity without actually backing it up he knows even better than I that it can not be backed up with science, cf Putnam, E Pluribus Unum , the Johann Skytte Prize Lecture for 2006 His thoughts on intellectual diversity are very good arguments against the partisan echo chambers of politics and the academy His work on diverse group problem solving is vitiated though not crippled by failing to take in to account all available evidence and equivocation of terms, as well as discounting or not mentioning alternate hypotheses e.g groupsaccurately represent an efficient market when diverse because of paranoia and distrust of other participants, and then insure they re not getting a bad deal something that spells disaster for society outside of the laboratory Page does convincingly demonstrate that intellectual homogeneity is one step away from groupthink and cripples or strongly hinders creative and efficient problem solving Echo chambers slaughter meaningful original thought Politicians bait and switch along these lines, substituting racial ethnic diversity for intellectual diversity, an entirely false equivalency.His conclusions, ironically, avoid, but do not contradict the conclusions of Jared Taylor in White Identity , a book I am reading in conjunction However, Page is a primary source and somewhattransparent than Taylor, who executes a masterful synthesis of both primary and secondary sources but a synthesis nevertheless, instead of original research not that grants would be available for Taylor under any circumstances.A solid two stars Four or four and one half in parts dealing with cognitive diversity and diversity of opinion and belief One star in those parts in which Page, consciously or not, stumbles in to other kinds of pluralism, like multiculturalism and enforced diversity as in Department of Diversity and Inclusion and acts as an apologist for them Pre Nov 2018 review


  3. says:

    I read both of Scott Page s books on diversity back to back This one isrigorous and academic with lots of charts and graphs, which was cool The other one The Diversity Bonus is muchaccessible In this book, he uses a variety of experiments and mathematical equations to prove not just the wisdom of crowds, but the wisdom of diverse crowds The point, which he proves in a variety of ways and with meticulous charts and definitions and frames is that groups of diverse individuals I read both of Scott Page s books on diversity back to back This one isrigorous and academic with lots of charts and graphs, which was cool The other one The Diversity Bonus is muchaccessible In this book, he uses a variety of experiments and mathematical equations to prove not just the wisdom of crowds, but the wisdom of diverse crowds The point, which he proves in a variety of ways and with meticulous charts and definitions and frames is that groups of diverse individuals diverse identity, heuristics, background, information, etc outperform even higher rated groups of homogenous individuals So a group of top math students from the same background with the same heuristics will be beaten at a competition that involves a cognitive or predictive contest by a group of diverse individuals By the end, you are thoroughly convinced of this point Well, I thought it was obvious in the beginning, but I guess now I have the math to back it up


  4. says:

    The information contained within this book deserves 5 stars Page demonstrates that diversity by which he means diversity of background and perspective, not necessarily ethnic diversity in group decision making is just as powerful, and in many cases evenpowerful, than expertise In other words, a diversified panel of decision makers will in many cases come up with better solutions than one containing only the best and the brightest It s a brilliant idea.The problem with the book, The information contained within this book deserves 5 stars Page demonstrates that diversity by which he means diversity of background and perspective, not necessarily ethnic diversity in group decision making is just as powerful, and in many cases evenpowerful, than expertise In other words, a diversified panel of decision makers will in many cases come up with better solutions than one containing only the best and the brightest It s a brilliant idea.The problem with the book, unfortunately, is the writing The book is clearly attempting to clarify academic research for the non academic audience, but despite his best efforts, Page fails to make the material accessible


  5. says:

    The Differenceis an often fascinating book about why groups of diverse people may perform better than groups of technically smarter people at certain kinds problem solving tasks I found it an intriguing read even apart from looking for ways to incorporate Page s ideas into my own leadership role in a diverse environment I do recommend it, especially to leaders, but really to anyone interested in a mind bending look at how groups function But it is not a perfect book, and I ll mention someThe Differenceis an often fascinating book about why groups of diverse people may perform better than groups of technically smarter people at certain kinds problem solving tasks I found it an intriguing read even apart from looking for ways to incorporate Page s ideas into my own leadership role in a diverse environment I do recommend it, especially to leaders, but really to anyone interested in a mind bending look at how groups function But it is not a perfect book, and I ll mention some of my main criticisms here.The first half of the book sounds like a professor who has taught this content so many times that he has thoroughly internalized it He can teach it backwards, forwards, in any situation It s a pleasure to read The second half of the book, and especially the concluding chapters, soundlike a professor who is still scrambling to get his lecture notes together as students are entering the classroom It s a little bit uncomfortable to read, especially after such a strong, confident start.As a non math guy, I have to humbly admit that when I got to Chapter 8, I began to glaze over I d enjoyed and, I think, understood everything up to that point, but I wasn t getting what Page was communicating in Chapter 8 Maybe I d reached my limit of hypothetical crowds, experts, prediction methods, and so forth I just couldn t keep myself focused for Suebee and the Three Stooges bowling predictions From Chapter 9 I picked up the thread again and had no problems with the final chapters But the final chapters had problems all their own.Page has promised so much for his conclusions, and I never really felt that the payoff fully arrived In his conclusions, he suddenly has little to say except to point to other people s studies and research projects, much of which is relegated to the end notes Check out the first paragraph on page 323, for example These are the questions that I thought would be at the heart of the conclusions not just references to other studies buried in the end notes It s almost laughably brief On page 325 he gives us this formula Net Benefits of Diversity Gross Benefits of Diverse Tools Costs of DiversityReally, that s all we get It doesn t seem like we needed all the build up to reach that conclusion We limp on to page 328 and read In the end, we re left with the fact that across many studies the average performance for identity diverse groups and homogeneous groups is roughly the same, but the identity diverse groups have higher variance Come on, Scott, don t give up on us We ve stayed with you to this point you can t let this be the big finale Some comments on style I m glad when academics can write books that communicate well to general, nontechnical audiences Too often, however, Page errs on the side of being too cute and too clever Many times I felt like I was looking in on a Page Family Reunion, and while I m sure it s a nice family, these inside references take me out of the moment and pointlessly draw attention to Page s personal life and cleverness That persona is probably very charming in the classroom in print, it doesn t work nearly so well Now that he has his first time author giddiness out of his system, I hope the next book will avoid cute inside jokes about most of the 285 I m exaggerating people mentioned in the Acknowledgments the Acknowledgments which are then followed by a Prologue, which is followed by an Introduction.Also in future books, Page may not want to name all of his editors here he lists four , which then makes the typos and other errors all theglaring Editors may grumble about not getting the credit they deserve and that s true , but anonymity is a nice thing when errors abound But at least some of the mistakes were entertaining On page 202, for example, the wisdom of crowds momentarily becomes the wisdom of crows On page 229, 105 waffles transform into pancakes, and then back into waffles There are a lot of tables in this book, so inevitably there will be problems with the table data One that stood out to me on page 212, Page s claim about data in Table 8.10 looks incorrect Adam Jones s actual number 6 is not in the range between the low 9 and high 16 unless I m missing something which is definitely possible And finally, having lived in Papua New Guinea for a decade, I have to take exception to the mention of Papa New Guinea on page 345 Ouch The number of errors in this book should embarrass Princeton University Press.On another, fairly insignificant, side note for Princeton University Press I like nicely designed book covers, and I like it when they make sense and have something to do with the content they envelop So I ve been puzzled every time I pick up The Difference, trying to figure out why on the front cover part of two of the letters in the word Difference are yellow while the rest of the word is red And why, when the title is written again on the back cover are those letters entirely, not just partly, yellow My toolbox is apparently not diverse enough on its own to come up with the underlying logic of this cover


  6. says:

    Ill be reading his last academic version of this next for a talk I agree with reviewers this is very academic and a bit tedious at times I ll be reading his last academic version of this next for a talk I agree with reviewers this is very academic and a bit tedious at times


  7. says:

    The book covers an interesting topic, suggests cool hypotheses, and provides a decent summary of the empirical evidence I feel it struggled a little in trying to straddle the divide between academia and popular appeal.


  8. says:

    This is a good popularization of complexity theory, particularly applications to social science policy and life in general It can be a bit draggy in parts, but Scott does a very good job making what seem like abstract and potentially useless concepts seem quite applicable and sensible.


  9. says:

    Second half of the book very underdeveloped.


  10. says:

    400 pages of pseudo science to prove that two minds are better than one I stopped reading this on about Page 180