[ read online Best ] The Polar Bear Expedition Author James Carl Nelson – 91videos.co

An Extraordinary Lost Chapter In The History Of World War I The Story Of America S Year Long Invasion Of Russia, In Which A Contingency Of Brave Soldiers Fought The Red Army And Brutal Conditions During The Fall And Winter Of In August , The Th Regiment Of The US Army Roughly , Soldiers, Most Hailing From Michigan Sailed For Europe To Fight In World War I But Instead Of The Western Front, These Troops Were Headed To Archangel, Russia, A Vital Port City , Miles Northeast Of Moscow There, In The Frozen Subarctic, Amid The Chaos Of The Russian Civil War, One Of The Most Extraordinary Episodes Of American History UnfoldedThe American North Russia Expeditionary Force Self Dubbed The Polar Bear Expedition Was Sent To Fight The Red Army And Aid Anti Bolshevik Forces In Hopes Of Re Opening The Eastern Front Against Germany On The Th Anniversary Of The Campaign, Award Winning Historian James Carl Nelson Recreates This Harrowing, Dramatic Military Operation In Which Americans And Bolsheviks Fought A Series Of Pitched Battles Throughout A Punishing Fall And WinterAs The Great War Officially Ended In November , American Troops Continued To Battle The Red Army And An Equally Formidable Enemy, General Winter Subzero Temperatures Made Machine Guns And Light Artillery Inoperable In The Blinding Ice And Snow, Sentries Suffered From Frostbite While Guarding Against Nearly Invisible Bolos Camouflaged By Their White Uniforms Before The Polar Bears Withdrawal In July , Than Perished From Battle, Accidents, And The Spanish FluBut The Polar Bears Story Does Not End There Ten Years Later, A Contingent Of Veterans Returned To Russia To Recover The Remains Of Than Of Their Fallen Comrades And Lay Them To Rest In Michigan, Where A Monument Honoring Their Service Still Stands A Massive Marble Polar Bear Guarding A Cross That Marks The Grave Of A Fallen Soldier The Polar Bear Expedition Includes Black And White Images Throughout


10 thoughts on “The Polar Bear Expedition

  1. says:

    This is an odd footnote of the Great War There is a monument to these men a few miles from where I grew up I also have vague memories of my father telling me about the Polar Bears and their effort to keep Russia white After the fall of the Czarist Russia, the US 339th Infantry Regiment was sent to Archangel, a port 600 miles North of Moscow Their mission was to guard munitions stores so that they did not fall into the hands of the Germans These were men from Middle America and Detroit They were called the Polar Bears High command selected men from northern United State because they thought that they would be better suited to handle the cold Somehow, these Americans found themselves under British Command and fighting the Bolsheviks The strange thing is after the armistice was signed they were not recalled from Russia Instead, they continued to fight on The mission was not clear and blurred from the start Apparently, the British and French thought that there would be a grass roots, ground swell of support of the Russian people to rise up and fight the Bolsheviks but this never happened This was an oddity It was a footnote to WWI and the mission was never clear Several Americans were killed in this pointless, futile effort to fight communism It was mildly interesting and it will keep you scratching your head and asking yourself, why Not a bad read I gave it three stars because it was well researched and answered a few questions I had about the men known as the Polar Bears.Here is a link to some photos of the Polar Bears I found in the Detroit News Online edition


  2. says:

    As someone who grew up in the Midwest U.S., I first gained some awareness of the Polar Bear Expedition of 1918 19 in which a U.S Army regiment was sent to Northern Russia in the summer of 1918 ostensibly to guard stores of Allied military equipment at the port of Archangel, but was later used in battle against the Bolsheviks as part of a larger Allied i.e British scheme to overthrow the Bolshevik government in Moscow and bring Russia back into World War I as a way to force Germany to recommit military forces there from a story I read in the late 1970s in a local paper about an elderly gentleman in Detroit whom mention was made of as having served in Northern Russia with the U.S Army in 1919 I never forgot that newspaper story And so, when I became aware of this book, I was determined to read it And I m glad I did, because I learned so much For instance, who knew that, in addition to the U.S and Britain, French, Canadian, and some Chinese military forces were involved in military actions against Bolshevik forces in Northern Russia in 1918 1919 I highly recommend THE POLAR BEAR EXPEDITION The Heroes of America s Forgotten Invasion of Russia, 1918 1919 for anyone interested in learning about a long overlooked chapter of U.S history that can provide valuable lessons for policymakers, academics, U.S civilian and military leaders, and the general public as to the need as stated by the White House to deploy military forces in any part of the world identified as vital to U.S security interests.


  3. says:

    James Carl Nelson exhaustively researched his book about a little known invasion of Russia in the last months of WWI In 1919, 5000 U.S soldiers, largely from Michigan, found themselves 500 miles north of Moscow in combat against the newly formed Soviet Union s Red Army Their enemies The Red Army, bloody battle wounds with insufficient medical resources, and sub arctic temperatures For a year, most of these soldiers survived despite all odds against them.Accounts from many of the survivors grace the back of the book Diaries and periodical articles outline survival stories, battles, imprisonment, starvation, and even a wedding.Written as a tribute to their heroism, the author emphasizes not just their plight A decade later, a contingent of veterans ventured to find the remains of the 200 who had died Once returned to Michigan, 50 of the recovered bodies were buried A massive marble statue guards their graves A polar bear.Bravery against all odds should be remembered and honored Thank you, Mr Nelson.My thanks to William Morris, an imprint of Harper Collins Publishers, for the advance review copy.


  4. says:

    last October while on vacation we visited a Museum in Houghton MI there I found an exhibition most of the pictures in the book were in the displays on the Polar Bears, most of whom were recruited in Northern MI Instead of going to the Western front these american Soldiers were sent to Archangel to support the British French troops to try to overthrow the Bolsheviks government A decent book on a not well known both President s Nixon and Reagan didn t know about them while making speeches American involvement.


  5. says:

    I give it 5 Stars because it is meticulous in its research It is a detailed day to day chronicle of a small but sad event in American history Not necessarily a page turner, but worth reading for if you have an interest in lessons history gives us about foreign wars.


  6. says:

    This is an excellent book that gives a thorough feel for what it was like for young American soldiers fighting the Bolsheviks in northern Russia in 1918 1919 They endured environmental hardships difficult to imagine, suffered because of inadequate clothing and food, and fought under dubious British command and without a defined campaign goal In addition, they continued faithfully for 8 months AFTER the Great War officially ended What they witnessed of an emerging communist ideology and the life of the peasants living under Bolshevik rule would shape them for the rest of their lives.I found the comments of several returned prisoners at the end of the book to be poignant for today s social and political milieu They re not making Bolsheviks of any American prisoners They try to preach Bolshevism to us, but it don t go They take men who ve got brains, who ve accomplished something by ability and work and reduce them to the lowest level Who s gonna stand for that They re a bunch of thieves and robbers The leaders are preaching that everyone ought to have the same amount of money, but every leader has a pile of rubles stuck away that would knock your eye out All the honest ones want to get out of Russia as soon as possible They all want to go to America If America ever went Bolshevik like Moscow, I d make myself a lone hand to stand against them It is easy to mislead a country when its people do not know history and have lived long amid ease and excess.


  7. says:

    This long forgotten chapter of WW1 history holds particular significance to me as the spouse of a Michigan boy It was the winter of 1918 19 and roughly 5,000 soldiers, most hailing from Michigan, had expected to be sent to the Western Front to fight in France Instead, they ended up 600 miles north of Moscow, locked in bloody combat with the anti Bolshevik forces fighting the Red Army Temperatures plummeted to 60 degrees below Flesh froze to gun metal.By 1919 there were 45,000 Communist fighters against 6,000 allied troops More than 200 of the American Polar Bears would perish on the icy battlefield A decade later, comrades would return to bring home the bodies.In the brutal, sub arctic north, this heartbreaking story of hardship and bravery was forgotten for many years Now told through an untapped trove of first hand accounts, this book rewrites the story that Russian and American troops never fought one another in that bloody civil war Today, a giant marble statue of a Polar Bear stands in Michigan to honor the fallen Exhaustively researched and full of vivid detail, this is their story.


  8. says:

    Great story, poor writing No macro analysis of geopolitical situation, reasoning Too much micro details.


  9. says:

    interesting story of U.S troops fighting communist Russians during WWI.


  10. says:

    2019 03 The Polar Bear Expedition The Heroes of America s Forgotten Invasion of Russia, 1918 1919 James C Nelson 2019 320 Pages Nicholle picked this up at the library for me This book is about a Michigan based unit that participated in the twilight war against the Soviets at the behest of the British I had previously read another book on this conflict We had also taken in an exhibit at the Independence Sea Port Museum on the role of the USS Olympia and her crew, especially the naval infantry blue jackets , in this conflict This book only focuses on the northern force the activities and actions of the eastern force in Siberia are not covered Their adventures are a whole other story But for the northern expedition this book and its focus on one unit is quite good It is an expedition mostly lost in memory or lore It gets overshadowed by the First World War Additionally it is not a conflict with a victory It is akin to Vietnam, win the tactical fights and loose the strategic war Except not all the tactical small unit fights were victories for the US Army Fought under British direction and command, Battalion and company sized units were flung about in a harsh climate, with little or no intelligence and often in scattered far distant outposts This made them susceptible to isolation and being overrun, especially once the rivers froze and gunboats were unavailable for support and supplies Some American remain missing, and than a few remain buried in Russian graves The deaths started while the force was sailing to Russia as the Spanish Influenza epidemic rampaged through the troops in confined quarters aboard ship From their landing until their extraction and then their attempts in the 1920 s to go back and recover remains this book does a very good job of telling their story Views on landscapes, the enemy, their allies, and the local population add color and flavor to the tale A good unit history that will leave wanting to learn about the entire operation There is excellent material in this book to really start to look at and analyze actions and learn lessons It probably would be helpful to the modern US soldier or Marine to familiarize themselves with many of the choices and results that occurred din this conflict There are lesson applicable to any conflict, climate, or enemy.