Free Audible Οἰδίπους Τύραννος –

Passages From Ancient Authors Includes Selections From Homer S Odyssey, Thucydides Account Of The Plague, And Euripedes PhoenissaeThe Best Of Ancient And Modern Criticism Is Represented, Encouraging Discussion From Psychological, Religious, Anthropological, Dramatic, And Literary PerspectivesUnder The Heading Religion And Psychology Are Included Writings On The Oedipus Myth By Martin P Nilsson, Meyer Fortes, Gordon M Kirkwood, Thalia Phillies Feldman, And Sigmund FreudThe Authors Of The Selections In Criticism Are Aristotle, C M Bowra, R C Jebb, S M Adams, A J A Waldock, Albin Lesky, Werner Jaeger, Friedrich Nietzsche, John Jones, D W Lucas, Bernard M W Knox, Cedric H Whitman, Richmond Latti, Robert Cohen, Francis Fergusson, And H D F KittoThe Special Question Of Oedipus S Guilt Or Innocence Is Addressed In Essays By J T Sheppard, Laszlo Versenyi, P H Vellacott, E R Dodds, Thomas Gould, And Philip Wheelwright You ll enjoy this book if you like Plays duh Ancient Greece also duh A fast read Gods who release plagues on a kingdom to ignite drama view spoiler Patricide and incest I mean, not necessarily like them, but tolerate them haha hide spoiler What can I say about Sophocles Oedipus Rex that has not already been said Apart from the patricide and the infamous incest, this is an ancient tale of angst and overall calamity But since I recently revisited it, this legendary tragedy hasn t left my mindLook and learn all citizens of Thebes This is Oedipus.He, who read the famous riddle, and we hailed chief of men,All envied his power, glory, and good fortune.Now upon his head the sea of disaster crashes downI felt after reading the play that there was not really anything that Oedipus could have done to get himself out of his destiny In fact, it seems that the he attempts to get out of it, the deeper he is immersed in its inevitability It is simply that there was no way for him to avoid doing it all and facing his fate After hearing of the prophecy he flees because he doesn t want it to come true, but there is a lot that he does not know and a lot that he is not being told His parents, when told by the oracles decided to sacrifice him But he was saved by the compassionate nature of humanity Later on, his step parents also leave him in ignorance, and in hiding the truth they are also making the prophecy come true The theme as I see it, therefore, is of fate versus freewill However, there really does not seem to be any freewill here Every decision that Oedipus makes only brings the revelation closer to being fulfilled.But to fully understand Sophocles work, you have to know that for the ancient Greeks the word tragedy didn t meana lamentable, dreadful, or fatal event or affair calamity disasterFor them the idea of such a play, that had a certain and defined theme and structure, is about a person that because of a single tragic flaw becomes the victim of the gods The specific purpose was calledcatharsis , the audience watching the play should gain an emotional release that made your own trivial issues fade into insignificance According to Aristotle s Poetics the complexity of the plot is established through reversal, recognition and sufferingThe tragedy is created, in part, by the complexity of its plot which leads towards the catharsis The Chorus is crucial its speeches are revealing It is the cautious voice of collective wisdom And from the very beginning of the play, the Chorus revealed the omen of disaster This can all be summed up in the following linesO god All come true, all busting to light O light now let me look my last on you I stand revealed at lastOedipus is a passionate man, who asks questions and takes risks Despite his flaws and his sins, Oedipus is good and always seeks the truth no matter how devastating In the end, he accepts the responsibility for his actions, his fate and punishment Does he have free will or the ability to choose his own path or is everything in his life been predetermined Indeed, despite the prophecy, it can never be denied that Oedipus and his parents had made the choices, not the oracle or the Gods Is the very idea of carving out your eyes, after discovering your wife is your mother in this incredibly packed tragedy that alleviates so much the enormous pain that seems so causeless Is the existential angst finally satisfies by the human need to identify the guilty that alleviates our human sensation of utter, senseless and chaotic misery This is what torments us, being humans we have free will but we can never control everything Oedipus s specific life events aren t exactly relatable to any of us, but the sensations are not less pertinent Aren t we used to impending unconquerable doom I ask myself, could ignorance lead us through hell Oedipus Rex doesn t make us only question the role of the gods or whatever may decide our fate nowadays politicians, the economy, the news, and even our own expectations , but above all the argument of fate and destiny, and whether we are able to live without external powers deciding our chances It also makes us question who we are whether our personalities, or other personal characteristics, are a kind of destiny in itself Where s our human freedom More important do you feel a prevailing sense of inevitability, no matter what you do Why are we always being judged, by ourselves and by the world If we try to transpose the play to today, many questions are still left with no definite answers For certain, we can choose what we want to become The curse is that our capacities are finite we are not gods What happened to Oedipus was the torture of being human, can we escape this curse Oedipus Rex is a literary masterpiece Highly recommended Oedipus Tyrannus Oedipus Oedipus Rex Oedipus the King The Theban Plays 1 , Sophocles Oedipus the King, is an Athenian tragedy by Sophocles that was first performed around 429 BC Oedipus sent his brother in law Creon to ask advice of the oracle at Delphi concerning a plague ravaging Thebes Creon returns to report that the plague is the result of religious pollution, since the murderer of their former King, Laius, had never been caught Oedipus vows to find the murderer and curses him for causing the plague 1974 96 212 1387 72 9786005209006 1387 132 9789646088733 1389 144 9789648727890 Look and learn all citizens of Thebes This is Oedipus.He, who read the famous riddle, and we hailed chief of men,All envied his power, glory, and good fortune.Now upon his head the sea of disaster crashes down.Mortality is man s burden Keep your eyes fixed on your last day.Call no man happy until he reaches it, and finds rest from sufferingI believe that in one way or another, everyone at least to some extent has heard of the story of Oedipus and Jocasta It s one of those tales that s been on our collective consciousness forever even though we may not even be able to assertively answer about its origins The same might be said, for example, of Odysseus and Don Quixote they ve been so used and re used, adapted and re adapted throughout so many generations and in so many different formats that one might as well state they were simply born within us, for they re public and common knowledge I, for one, believed Oedipus and Jocasta s tale came from the Bible As I was never a religious person and therefore never payed much attention to it and unfortunately never decently studied Greek mythology , I used to unconsciously attribute to the Bible the origins of all stories which seemed to me as too ancient to properly date I m terribly sorry and embarrassed about that, Sophocles I stand corrected now.Every time I read an ancient text I recurrently find myself to blame because of the same mistake being surprised by its quality despite being written so long ago It turns out and I agree with an analysis I ve read somewhere that states that, unlike science, there is no progress, no discovery in art An artist, while he creates, is not helped by the efforts of all the others like scientists are and depends upon his own individual truths The ancient art is in no way a primitive version of the art created by our contemporaries So it should not be astonishing to me that a text written thousands of years ago possesses the same qualities or refinement of awarded pieces that only now cracked their fifty years of age mark.Putting the story itself a little aside, it s precisely this refinement, this brilliance in the construction of the narrative that impressed me so much The pace, the development of the action and disentanglement of this intricate plot was written so masterfully that it requires little investigation in discovering the reasons why it became so influential to the subsequent generations Now, I m not knowledgeable enough to affirm that Sophocles himself wasn t influenced by other works that preceded him, so I m not claiming unprecedented originality to his name here, but merely talent in using the most appropriate techniques to write so many wondrous predicates into this marvelous play The ability with which he created, sustained and solved the various mysteries that surround this classical tragedy is very remarkable, as well as a striking mixture of pity and horror that the themes developed here successfully imposes on the reader.Themes such as fate, free will, interference in human life by the Gods for some that hasn t changed much, has it and its inflexible exploration of human nature and suffering are skillfully written in the form of intense dialogues and shocking revelations that could even prove too disturbing had not been Sophocles accurate treatment, much like the reader likely pities Phedre s actions instead of automatically blaming her for her fate The ever so mesmerizing battle between destiny and logical consequences also plays a big role here does fate completely control Oedipus s actions is it all predetermined , or is he simply a victim of his own doings, even if unknowingly Oedipus Rex also known as Oedipus the King and Oedipus Tyrannus tells the story of Oedipus, a man that s respected and loved in Thebas, where he is King after solving the riddle of the Sphinx and marrying Jocasta, the widow of the previous king After a plague threatens his kingdom, he is begged by a chorus of Thebans for help and Oedipus sends for an oracle in order to find some guidance As it turns out, Tiresias, the blind prophet, believes the King is the only one to blame for his malady At first outraged and, because of it, incensed into proving his innocence, he starts connecting the clues that he receives from various bits of information gathered by different sources view spoiler As it turns out, Oedipus, after leaving his home in Corinth due to a prophecy which stated he would murder his father and sleep with his mother, entered a fight with some men at a crossroads and ended up killing them, before arriving in Thebes One of these men was Laius, Jocasta s husband and previous King In order to escape the prophecy, Oedipus fell into it, as he was Laius s son who was sent away to be killed many years ago exactly because he received an oracle that he would be murdered by his own son Oedipus s life ended up being spared and, unknown to him, he was adopted by the King of Corinth Now it was clear to him that, besides murdering his father, he has slept with his own mother and fathered children that were also his brothers and sisters Jocasta, upon finding out this complex imbroglio, can t deal with the unimaginable situation and kills herself hide spoiler