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10 thoughts on “Man and His Symbols

  1. says:

    My university professors never introduced me to Carl Jung I understand why, I guess, but it s a shame that I didn t read Jung s work until now Jungian psychology is amazing It addresses the unconscious and the self psyche in a unique and enlightening way And, unlike most other psychologists, Jung did not shy away from unexplained phenomena and the so called paranormal His theory provides insights into unexplained phenomena and is the only major psychological theory that includes the paranormal in a way that doesn t dismiss it as nonsense I can t recommend this book highly enough I strongly encourage whoever is reading this sentence to purchase a copy of Man and His Symbols immediately You won t regret it It s one of the best books I ve ever read I plan to read the rest of Jung s writings now.

  2. says:

    I have a strange love hate relationship with Jung There are so many things about him that I find utterly fascinating and then others that I think are just crazy I would rather think one thing or the other, but since he was obsessed with dualities, perhaps he would be happy with my conflicting and opposite feelings towards him.There are things about his ideas that I find incredibly appealing A personal story might help make that clear I started reading this book a while ago now before I started Uni this year and one of the things that made me continue with it was the idea of what I would call metaphorical illnesses I ve forgotten what Jung called them, but since my name is better than his could possibly be no matter what it was we will go with that The idea is that sometimes in life you have an illness which has symptoms which mirror the psychological conditions you are suffering from You may not be able to walk, for example, but this has little to do with your legs, but much to do with how you feel trapped in a particular relationship in which you feel you can t escape from, even though on a deep level you know escaping would be the right thing to do So, it is as if your mind has said, if you can t walk away from this then don t walk at all Now, I m the first to tell you that I would find such metaphorical illnesses a bit over the top and hard to believe being possible in any but the most troubled and deeply psychotic I mean, can you really make yourself blind because your unconscious mind is trying to tell you something Does this really sound likely Well, possibly not But then again, last year I left an intolerable job, but while I was there I found I had developed terrible headaches, or at least, not headaches as such, but a scorching pain across the top of my head This, I found out, was caused by the clenching of my teeth in my sleep This year has been incredibly busy and often quite stressful, in many ways as stressful as anything I put up with last year I ve had reading than I can keep up with and work to do than can be done both of which I guess are good predictors of stress and yet the thing that has surprised me is that I haven t been grinding my teeth at all this year trust me, I would know if I had been.This had been one of those little facts about life that had fallen into the isn t that odd category until I read this book and learned of Jung s metaphorical illnesses The whole time I was working at the union at least for the last four or so years I felt unable to say anything about the direction in which the union was heading I think Jung would have had no trouble in diagnosing my night time teeth grinding As someone unable to talk during the day, the fact I kept my jaw clenched tight shut at night was clearly a sign from my sub consciousness of my own self imposed voicelessness.Of course, the things that are nice about that story are also the things that make we feel uncomfortable about Jung in general It is all too neat There are lots of stories in this book and these stories are joined with lots of explanations of what certain symbols mean but one of the things that I ve learnt in life is that people love to hear good explanations of what something vague and obscure MEANS If someone tells you their dream and in it there is a naked black man walking about the streets of Paris as there is, for example, in one of the dreams described in the book it might well be that the people in the country of the man having this dream do associate Paris with a certain kind of sexual liberation and relaxed s and perhaps associate nudity with the naked truth and even intend the black man in the dream to represent the inverse of the white man who is dreaming the dream or it could all just be an example of homo erotica or it could be an example of lawlessness or it could be that dreams in themselves aren t actually all that meaningful.How could we ever really know I think we find it quite appealing to believe that people are or less like books, in that they have plots and themes and characters and that we can somehow become the perfect book reviewer with people s dreams and lives and thereby judge and explain people in much the same way we might judge and explain The Da Vinci Code The problem is that really no one is summed up by the face they present to the world no, not even the dumb people and no one is so shallow as to have dreams that have only one meaning and that the meaning a therapist helps you find Repeatedly during this book we are told that symbols mean different things depending on the meaning they acquire within the context of the dream and the life in which they appear And this is to the good, but also time and again we see the therapist tell the patient how to interpret a particular symbol like the number four in a single way from the therapist s deep knowledge and understnding of how symbols mean For Jung the number four is the number of completeness I believe in Chinese it is the number for death, although this is not the kind of completeness Jung is talking of, I feel I worry when people are reduced to texts that can be studied and interpreted and understood on the basis of a subtext that is not apparent to the character, but is clear and unambiguous to the reader.I guess it is inevitable that Jungian psychology might come about given the rise of literary criticism over the last couple of hundred years for isn t that as good a definition of Jungian psychology as any other The search for the sub textual meaning in the lives of people when read as texts My problem is that it is very difficult to know if the reading by the psychologist is a valid or accurate reading, if this reading does in fact really illuminate something essential in the life of the person being read and finally just how efficacious such a reading is in treating someone s neurosis All of these are problems that are not helped by the fact that it is highly questionable if there is any such thing as a sub conscious in the first place.To me, the idea of there being a hidden driver of our actions, one who can t speak to us directly but who knows the truth of our situations and leaves before us Sybil like clues and riddles as answers to our deepest troubles seems remarkably unlikely That this veiled women who lurks in the depths of our psyches can only speak to us in dreams and is invariably right about how we should live out lives seems a hypothesis that would be impossible to prove Even if our sub conscious did exist, how could we ever be certain that it only ever meant to offer us clues to help us live our lives Why couldn t our sub conscious be occasionally as destructive as our consciousness clearly often is Like that wonderful story of Apollo who after being repeatedly asked by someone if they should invade a city finally says yes because it will mean they will be killed and hence finally shut up and not ask him stupid questions any .The problem that needs answered first is whether or not the images thrown up in dreams are any meaningful than those elicited from ink blots And if not, how can we know if our interpretation of these symbols is any than an interpretation Unfortunately, as much as I enjoyed some of the interpretations described in this book, I was left feeling very uncomfortable by the idea that people were being reduced to characters in books And while I understand possibly all too well the power our narratives have in framing our lives, I also understand that like all truly great books there simply are than one reading that is both satisfying and meaningful to any cluster of symbols I would recommend hesitating when coming to conclusions based on the images thrown up at us from the sub conscious much hesitation than we might expend in coming to conclusions on the sub textual elements in a novel.

  3. says:

    This is one of the three books which influenced my literary and mythical outlook The Hero With a Thousand Faces and The Uses of Enchantment The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales being the other two All my life, I have been fascinated by symbols and their near universality the weird way they recur in dreams and the way they keep on popping up in mythologies I have also been fascinated by journeys in literature, myth and movies.Jung tied it all together for me, in this collection of essays which is very much accessible to the layman Especially interesting are the third chapter on the process of individuation and the final one, the case history of one man s dream analysis.Well worth reading.

  4. says:

    I love this book, although the used Dell edition I bought is falling apart I ll have to buy another copy The book has much to say about dreams and art I m adding some quotes from the book to the review I posted a few days ago If you think about the following quote while viewing paintings, you might find insights about artists who often, unconsciously, express their conscious attitude to the right of the canvas and their unconscious attitude on the left Among other things right often means, psychologically, the side of consciousness, of adaptation, of being right, while the left signifies the sphere of unadapted, unconscious reactions or sometimes even something sinister Marie Louise von Franz Another quote applies this left right idea while examining a subject s dream Henry is a lonely wanderer on the narrow path But perhaps thanks to the analysis he is already on his way down from inhospitable heights To the left, on the side of the unconscious, his road is bordered by the terrifying depths of the abyss On the right side, the side of consciousness, the way is blocked by the rigid caves which might represent, so to speak, unconscious areas in Henry s field of consciousness there are places where refuge can be found when bad weather comes in other words, when outside tensions become too threatening Aniela JaffeThe text below was posted earlier Man and His Symbols covers a lot of territory, with four authors C.G Jung, Joseph L Henderson, Marie Louise von Franz, Aniela Jaffe, and Jolande Jacobe I picked up the book because I m interested in understanding symbols in dreams, but it deals with symbols in a wider sense than that, as well as in dreams I m going to post a few quotes from M L von Franz about the anima and the animus because that always interests me I want to understand the feminine, whether it s the feminine in my own psyche or in some confusing woman Also, it s interesting to read about the animus within a woman s psyche and see whether it helps me understand that aspect of a woman, or learn about masculinity as an aspect of my own psyche It s all such a mystery I m not actually finished reading this book I m very caught up in it and I ll probably post quotes later Anyway, all these quotes are from von Franz The Anima The number four is also connected with the anima because, as Jung noted, there are four stages in its development The first stage is best symbolized by the figure of Eve, which represents purely instinctual and biological relations The second can be seen in Faust s Helen She personifies a romantic and aesthetic level that is, however, still characterized by sexual elements The third is represented, for instance, by the Virgin Mary a figure who raises love eros to the heights of spiritual devotion The fourth type is symbolized by Sapientia, wisdom transcending even the most holy and the most pure Of this another symbol is the Shulamite in the Song of Solomon In the psychic development of modern man this stage is rarely reached The Mona Lisa comes nearest to such a wisdom anima But what does the role of the anima as guide to the inner world mean in practical terms This positive function occurs when a man takes seriously the feelings, moods, expectations, and fantasies sent by his anima and when he fixes them in some form for example, in writing, painting, sculpture, musical composition, or dancing When he works at this patiently and slowly, other deeply unconscious material wells up form the depths and connects with the earlier material After a fantasy has been fixed in some specific form, it must be examined both intellectually and ethically, with an evaluating feeling reaction And it is essential to regard is as being absolutely real there must be no lurking doubt that this is only a fantasy If this is practiced with devotion over a long period, the process of individuation gradually becomes the single reality and can unfold in its true form The Animus the animus is sometimes, like the anima, a demon of death For example, in a gypsy fairy tale a handsome stranger is received by a lonely woman in spite of the fact that she has had a dream warning her that he is the king of the dead After he has been with her for a time, she presses him to tell her who he really is At first he refuses, saying that she will die if he tells her She insists, however, and suddenly he reveals to her that he is death himself The woman immediately dies of fright Viewed mythologically, the beautiful stranger is probably a pagan father image or god image, who appears here as king of the dead like Hades s abduction of Persephone But psychologically he represents a particular form of the animus that lures women away from all human relationships and especially from all contacts with real men He personifies a cocoon of dreamy thoughts, filled with desire and judgements about how things ought to be, which cut a woman off from the reality of life Like the anima, the animus does not merely consist of negative qualities such as brutality, recklessness, empty talk, and silent, obstinate, evil ideas He too has a very positive and valuable side he too can build a bridge to the Self through his creative activity The following dream of a woman of 45 may help to illustrate this point Two veiled figures climb onto the balcony and into the house They are swathed in black hooded coats, and they seem to want to torment me and my sister She hides under the bed, but they pull her out with a broom and torture her Then it is my turn The leader of the two pushes me against the wall, making magical gestures before my face In the meantime his helper makes a sketch on the wall, and when I see it, I say in order to be friendly , Oh But this is well drawn Now suddenly my tormenter has the noble head of an artist, and he says proudly, Yes indeed, and begins to clean his spectacles The sadistic aspect of these two figures was well known to the dreamer, for in reality she frequently suffered bad attacks of anxiety during which she was haunted by the thought that people she loved were in great danger or even that they were dead But the fact that the animus figure in the dream is double suggests that the burglars personify a psychic factor that is dual in its effect, and that could be something quite different from theses tormenting thoughts The sister of the dreamer, who runs away from the men, is caught and tortured In reality this sister died when fairly young She had been artistically gifted, but had made very little use of her talent Next the dream reveals that the veiled burglars are actually disguised artists, and that if the dreamer recognizes their gifts which are her own , they will give up their evil intentions What is the deeper meaning of the dream It is that behind the spasms of anxiety there is indeed a genuine and mortal danger but there is also a creative possibility for the dreamer She, like her sister, had some talent as a painter, but she doubted whether painting could be a meaningful activity for her Now her dream tells her in the most earnest way that she must live out this talent If she obeys, the destructive tormenting animus will be transformed into a creative and meaningful activity As in this dream, the animus often appears as a group of men In this way the unconscious symbolizes the fact that the animus represents a collective rather than a personal element Because of this collective mindedness women habitually refer when their animus is speaking through them to one or they or everybody, and in such circumstances their speech frequently contains the words always and should and ought The animus, just like the anima, exhibits four stages of development He first appears as a personification of mere physical power for instance, as an athletic champion or muscle man In the next stage he possesses initiative and the capacity for planned action In the third phase, the animus becomes the word, often appearing as a professor or clergyman Finally, in his fourth manifestation, the animus is the incarnation of meaning On this highest level he becomes like the anima a mediator of the religious experience whereby life acquires new meaning He gives the woman spiritual firmness, an invisible inner support that compensates for her outer softness The animus in his most developed form sometimes connects the woman s mind with the spiritual evolution of her age, and can thereby make her even receptive than a man to new creative ideas It is for this reason that in earlier times women were used by many nations as diviners and seers The creative boldness of their positive animus at times expresses thoughts and ideas that stimulate men to new enterprises.

  5. says:

    The quote below by T Burckhardt sums it all up pretty neatly also check the end of the review for some recommendations Frithjof Schuon, after reading the present chapter, Modern Psychology sent me the following reflections in writing People generally see in Jungism, as compared with Freudism, a step towards reconciliation with the traditional spiritualities, but this is in no wise the case From this point of view, the only difference is that, whereas Freud boasted of being an irreconcilable enemy of religion, Jung sympathizes with it while emptying it of its contents, which he replaces by collective psychism, that is to say by something infra intellectual and therefore anti spiritual In this there is an immense danger for the ancient spiritualities, whose representatives, especially in the East, are too often lacking in critical sense with regard to the Modern spirit, and this by reason of a complex of rehabilitation also it is not with much surprise, though with grave disquiet, that one has come across echoes of this kind from Japan, where the psychoanalyst s equilibrium has been compared to the satori of Zen and there is little doubt that it would be easy to meet with similar confusions in India and elsewhere Be that as it may, the confusions in question are greatly favoured by the almost universal refusal of people to see the devil and to call him by his name, in other words, by a kind of tacit convention compounded of optimism to order, tolerance that in reality hates truth, and compulsory alignment with scientism and official taste, without forgetting culture , which swallows everything and commits one to nothing, except complicity in its neutralism to which must be added a no less universal and quasi official contempt for whatever is, we will not say intellectualist, but truly intellectual, and therefore tainted, in people s minds, with dogmatism, scholasticism, fanaticism, and prejudice All this goes hand in hand with the psychologism of our time and is in large measure its result. T Burckhardt Modern Psychology Ultimately, never forget what Jung himself admitted There is no Archimedean point from which to judge, since the psyche is indistinguishable from its manifestations The psyche is the object of psychology, and fatally enough also its subject There is no getting away from this fact Psychology and Religion 1938 In CW 11 Psychology and Religion West and East P.8 Now a quote from Man and His Symbols which I found quite funny it s not the bulk of the book or the main points, merely a funny thing I myself found a fascinating example of this in Nietzsche s book Thus Spake Zarathustra, where the author reproduces almost word for word an incident reported in a ship s log for the year 1686 By sheer chance I had read this seaman s yarn in a book published about 1835 half a century before Nietzsche wrote and when I found the similar passage in Thus Spake Zarathustra, I was struck by its peculiar style, which was different from Nietzsche s usual language I was convinced that Nietzsche must also have seen the old book, though he made no reference to it I wrote to his sister, who was still alive, and she confirmed that she and her brother had in fact read the book together when he was 11 years old I think, from the context, it is inconceivable that Nietzsche had any idea that he was plagiarizing this story I believe that fifty years later it has unexpectedly slipped into focus in his conscious mind One interested could check the following books The Case Against PsychoanalysisThe Myth of PsychotherapyThe Triumph of the Therapeutic Uses of Faith after FreudPsychology as Religion The Cult of Self WorshipLa Fleur d or et le tao sme sans Tao

  6. says:

    This was my first book on Jung and it had me hooked The introduction states that this book was written with the simple, typical reader in mind which makes this particular volume easy to read I m definitely keen on wanting to read of Jung s work now, however I ve heard that his writing can be very difficult to process due to advanced language and or abstract concepts I can only hope that it won t be anything too strenuous once I get there Given that I ve been interested in the study of dreams for over a year now, I feel this book on Jung was a highly satisfying place for me to start Although only the first chapter was written by him, it may not matter much seeing as all the others follow the Jungian perspectives and analysis of dreams and were also edited by Jung Many of the symbols discussed are ancient in origin and are therefore difficult to trace As such, they re symbols that we all subconsciously know but which can be hard to understand, especially if we ve lost touch with them This is especially true in light of the fact that primitive societies have remained a lot in touch with their intuition and significant archetypal images than our modern societies have The essays in this compilation show through different mediums like ancient myths and visual arts how bridging the gap and reconciling the unconscious with our conscious states can prove beneficial and healing to us all Something that had initially stood out to me with this dream book was that the dreams seemed to pertain mostly to future events There were no references whatsoever to the possibility of witnessing past life events through dreams something which figures quite a bit in Edgar Cayce dream materials I ve read I found this puzzling and wondered if perhaps Jung didn t believe in past lives reincarnation Ironically enough, I got a kind of answer soon after as I read The Search for Omm Sety, in which the last chapter comments on the fact that Jung likely did believe in it, but chose not to bring it up out of concern that his society wasn t ready for it yet Needless to say, my interest has definitely been peaked and I found this book very hard to put down due to its very interesting and enlightening content.

  7. says:

    Hands down, it is one of the best books I have read and I wish I had read it earlier This book is a perfect gateway into Jung s ideas written expressly for the layman like yours truly to understand them I think even if you don t know the details, you know that his ideas provided a new dimension to psychology, taking it beyond nightmares and childhood traumas Freud took away the extraordinary the possessing demons as well as fantasies etc from psychology, Jung provides us with a hope that not all our time spent with those things is wasted.There are though two ways of gaining from the book for a curious mind For one, you gain an additional perspective, another angle of looking at things at art, literature, philosophy, political and social conflicts, even natural sciences.Again, it seems to show the very limitations of rationalism which seems to be the basis of all our social sciences economics with its capitalist logic , politics and diplomacy the carry a stick and talk politely approach , culture consumerism There is, however, a strong empirical reason why we should cultivate thoughts that can never be proved It is that they are known to be useful Man positively needs general ideas and convictions that will give meaning to his life and enable him to find a place for himself in the universe He can stand the most incredible hardships when he is convinced that they make sense he is crushed when, on top of all his misfortunes, he has to admit that he is taking part in a tale told by an idiot Four FunctionsOne of the ideas that I already knew about and that was a key attraction for me was his ideas about how people are different the four functions sensing, intuition, feeling, thinking and feeling by which we perceive sensing and intuition and order information thinking and feeling as well as their introversion and extroversion which later led to invention of MBPT tests When I use the word feeling in contrast to thinking, I refer to a judgment of value for instance, agreeable or disagreeable, good or bad, and so on Feeling according to this definition is not an emotion which, as the word conveys, is involuntary Feeling as I mean it is like thinking a rational i.e., ordering function, whereas intuition is an irrational i.e., perceiving function In so far as intuition is a hunch, it is not the product of a voluntary act it is rather an involuntary event, which depends upon different external or internal circumstances instead of an act of judgment Intuition is like a sense perception, which is also an irrational event in so far as it depends essentially upon objective stimuli, which owe their existence to physical and not to mental causes Sensation i.e., sense perception tells you that something exists thinking tells you what it is feeling tells you whether it is agreeable or not, and intuition tells you whence it comes and where it is going But even these four won t in themselves give the whole measure of humans and thus the limitation of MBPT tests The reader should understand that these four criteria of types of human behavior are just four viewpoints among many others, like will power, temperament, imagination, memory, and so on There is nothing dogmatic about them, but their basic nature recommends them as suitable criteria for classification I find them particularly helpful when I am called upon to explain parents to children and husbands to wives, and vice versa They are also useful in understanding one s own prejudices It was Jung s way of showing how each individual needs a separate treatment and how one psychologist cannot cure them all The individual is the only reality The further we move away from the individual toward abstract ideas about Homo sapiens, the likely we are to fall into error.Jung s system thus seems to question all kind of institutions nations, schools, marriages, etc, Obviously, I was gonna praise him A sane and normal society is one in which people habitually disagree because the general agreement is relatively rare outside the sphere of instinctive human qualities.Collective UnconsciousThe golden argument in Jung s theory is that not all our memories or mind is created out of lived experiences In the book, he seems a bit defensive as this idea got him a lot of criticism I think he defends it well He talks of instincts that were a result of evolution and thus for a large part shared with animals as well Although the specific shape in which they express themselves is or less personal, their general pattern is collective They are found everywhere and at all times, just as animal instincts vary a good deal in the different species and yet serve the same general purposes We do not assume that each new born animal creates its own instincts as an individual acquisition, and we must not suppose that human individuals invent their specific human ways with every new birth Like the instincts, the collective thought patterns of the human mind are innate and inherited They function, when the occasion arises, in or less the same way in all of us.Emotional manifestations, to which such thought patterns belong, are recognizably the same all over the earth We can identify them even in animals, and the animals themselves understand one another in this respect, even though they may belong to different species And what about insects, with their complicated symbiotic functions Most of them do not even know their parents and have nobody to teach them Why should one assume, then, that man is the only living being deprived of specific instincts, or that his psyche is devoid of all traces of its evolution When I read this passage quite early in the book I knew it would be a 5 star book I could speculate that these instincts are coded inside our genes And that it is of these instincts that a baby s brain is made of even when he has no lived experiences to make memories of.This kind of answers a lot of things I used to wonder about how does a baby know to suck at the mother s breast to gets its milk how does it know to cry when it is distressed or need something How does it know how to move its arms and legs or how to make the sound how does it know not to be scared of all the sounds it hears it also seems to answer why different civilizations developed in isolations seems to all have belief in some kind of gods In this regard, Hawkins argues in The God Complex that human beings, much like other animals, are evolved to wonder in terms of WHO did it rather than WHAT did it The best example of the collective unconscious that comes to my mind is a short science fiction story Cutie Pie in which a baby boy exchanges ideas from his collective unconscious example hunter s instincts with alien s ideas.Jung argues that all our instinctive behavior is explained thus The medical psychologist is constantly confronted with otherwise intelligent patients who behave in a peculiar and unpredictable way and who have no inkling of what they say or do They are suddenly caught by unreasonable moods for which they themselves cannot account.Superficially, such reactions and impulses seem to be of an intimately personal nature, and so we dismiss them as idiosyncratic behavior In fact, they are based upon a preformed and ever ready instinctive system that is characteristic of the man Thought forms, universally understandable gestures, and many attitudes follow a pattern that was established long before man developed a reflective consciousness He then goes on to speculate that power of reflection with which we like to identify ourselves the rational goody two shoe beings must be in fact result from traumatic memories of such instinctive actions Goethe s Faust aptly says I m Anfang war die Tat In the beginning was the deed Deeds were never invented, they were done thoughts, on the other hand, are a relatively late discovery of man First he was moved to deeds by unconscious factors it was only a long time afterward that he began to reflect upon the causes that had moved him and it took him a very long time indeed to arrive at the preposterous idea that he must have moved himself his mind being unable to identify any other motivating force than his own These archetypes are suppressed because of how strong and intimidating they can be during early childhood and so you can remember much from your early Childhood So much for the first chapter.The second chapters reflect on how these archetypes keep popping up in our myths, legends, stories, etc The hero for example is an archetype that shows the development of self.SymbolsJung argues that collective conscious also has different forms of symbols Here is one of the pills that were hardest to digest for me While it seems to me that we are evolving to find a sort of love in figures we consider perfect circles, squares, etc, I don t think much of the symbols discussed in the book as ways with which unconscious presents itself in dreams I don t think them important especially in regard to interpreting our dreams Particularly the animal symbols I don t think I ever had a dream with any kind of animals in it I think dreams are best explained by how they made you feel However, I am an ignorant person and don t know much about psychology Jung will have you believe that our dreams have messages for us and, if they are aptly interpreted, they will help us gain self fulfillment.SelfAnother awesome idea of Jung s which I really loved is his description of self Jung says that our consciousness is only a part of total self of which unconscious is also a part and ego is a very small part Conscious is just a lately developed thing and its extreme fondness for love keeps us from connecting to the unconscious part of self and thus we live fulfilling lives.Jung says and I feel like agreeing that Self is often irrational, inconsistent and is made of very opposite qualities, of which some are always suppressed, creating the existential sometimes neurotic crisis Thus suppressed qualities, or the suppressed information will show as a shadow our dream double that has our suppressed qualities in our dreams.Thus Jekyll might be Dr Hyde s shadow Jung s example However, the shadow is not always a bad thing the shadow is not necessarily always an opponent In fact, he is exactly like any human being with whom one has to get along, sometimes by giving in, sometimes by resisting, sometimes by giving love whatever the situation requires The shadow becomes hostile only when he is ignored or misunderstood Herman Hesse s Steppenwolf seems to struggle of his protagonist in coming to terms with his suppressed self my example People are also capable of projecting their shadow on others thus seeing their defects in others, the way Romans saw barbarians everywhere and Americans see terrorists everywhere The eye of the beholder and all Again, all men have feminine qualities and vice versa which are suppressed and these qualities show up in our dreams as a person of other sex anima or animus A particularly good example of how the anima is experienced as an inner figure in a man s psyche is found in the medicine men and prophets shamans among the Eskimo and other arctic tribes Some of these even wear women s clothes or have breasts depicted on their garments, in order to manifest their inner feminine side the side that enables them to connect with the Ghostland i.e., what we call the unconscious This might explain why some patriarchal societies have goddesses Like with shadow, you have to learn to live with this other side I am sure a Jungian would love the Shiv shakti pictures which show the union of these qualities in an individual According to Jung the presence of this anima or animus helps us find the right partners for ourselves Galatea was Pygmalion s anima When the Ego feels its values challenged, faces fiction in life The actual processes of individuation the conscious coming to terms with one s own inner center psychic nucleus or Self generally begins with a wounding of the personality and the suffering that accompanies it This initial shock amounts to a sort of call, although it is not often recognized as such On the contrary, the ego feels hampered in its will or its desire and usually projects the obstruction onto something external That is, the ego accuses God or the economic situation or the boss or the marriage partner of being responsible for whatever is obstructing it Both anima animus, as well as Shadow, show up in dreams as well as our instinctive actions You might stretch the argument to the animal aspects in us But in man, the animal being which lives in him as his instinctual psyche may become dangerous if it is not recognized and integrated into life Man is the only creature with the power to control instinct by his own will, but he is also able to suppress, distort, and wound it and an animal, to speak metaphorically, is never so wild and dangerous as when it is wounded Suppressed instincts can gain control of a man they can even destroy him Dancing, which was originally nothing than a completion of the animal disguise by appropriate movements and gestures, was probably supplementary to the initiation or other rites Jung claims that though rationalism is a good thing, we are leaning too much on it and that is breaking us away from the unconscious he repeatedly gives examples of tribes which are still better connected to their unconscious with whom they communicate without ever wondering why they are doing it and this breaking away will have to be rolled back to solve much of modern s man problems.ArtsJung claims that collective unconscious, archetypes, symbols, etc will show up in all sort of studies social political, economics, history, art, literature, mythology, religion studies etc as well as natural physics, chemistry, biology etc exactly because everything is studied only through human experience and Jung s theory tries to describe the human , the observer in there.The art is among other things bringing out from unconscious ideas and thought patterns that we shape into stories some of which will become myths Our ability to connect to our unconscious side via art might be why arts singing, painting, etc seem so fulfilling the artist has at all times been the instrument and spokesman of the spirit of his age His work can be only partly understood in terms of his personal psychology Consciously or unconsciously, the artist gives form to the nature and values of his time, which in their turn form him and that is what some reviews probably mean when they say that books like Ulysses, Tin Drum or Midnight Children catch the spirit of their time.ConclusionWhile I can readily agree with Jung s general ideas, details sometime won t appeal to me specifically when he talks about symbols, superstitions, and dream interpretation probably because I am still bugged by rationalism All in all, it is an awesome book.

  8. says:

    I am still reading this one I m a slow reader when it comes to non fiction but this book is absolutely RIVETING I had no idea that psychology could feel so supernatural My copy is a very old, tiny and densely printed copy I got for free from a psychology library in San Francisco that was moving to a new location and clearing out the stacks I taped together the spine where it was started to fall apart I m still only about 100 pages in but it is UNBELIEVABLY fascinating and I can t understand why I have never read any Jung before Brilliant and bizarre

  9. says:

    If you want to get an idea of Jungian philosophy and method of analysis especially when it comes to dream interpretation then I highly recommend this book To Jung, dreams carry significant meaning for each individual person Every symbol in Jungian dream analysis can mean something different for each individual Jung believes that our dreams are rich with great clues that lead to revelations about what is needed to balance our psyche For instance, if one has been an introvert, but one s new method of action is calling for the person to become extroverted, then our dreams will give us images of repressed extroverted personalities that need to be utilized in our conscious life The repressed extroverted personality that the individual is capable of will show up in the dream as an outlaw or criminal figure denoting that the extroverted personality of said individual has been left to marinate in the dark recesses of the subconscious By no means do these dreams denote that the person should become an outlaw or criminal but rather that the symbol for this underutilized aspect of the psyche extroversion has become a taboo subject in the person s conscious life and therefore shows up associated with an outlaw or criminal the symbol of the outlaw and criminal signifying the taboo form that extroversion has taken on for the individual introverted dreamer.I found this book to be particularly enlightening as to some of the shadow figures that show up in dreams as well as the wisdom behind the symbols that constantly show up in dreams Only the first part of the book is written by Carl Jung The other parts of the book are written by Joseph L Henderson, M.L Von Franz, Aniela Jaffe, and Jolande Jacobi.The first part is called Approaching the Unconscious by Carl G Gung The second part is called Ancient Myths and Modern Man by Joseph L Henderson The third part is called The Process of Individuation by M.L Von Franz The fourth part is called Symbolism in the Visual Arts by Aniela Jaffe The fifth part is called Symbols in an Individual Analysis by Jolande Jacobi Believe me when I say that this book is a very great read It helped me to understand the way that our dreams signify very important things for each of our individual lives.I could go on in detail about the information in this book, but it would be a very long and daunting task to summarize the material in this dense book and would most likely not do the deep subjects justice.I will touch upon one last subject in the book that I really liked When Aniela Jaffe expounds on Symbolism in the Visual Arts she really made me view art in a new way What I have been noticing is that in many of the books that I love, there is usually some way that the author connects the subject to art I love it when scientific, philosophical, or spiritual religious revelations in a field lead to advances or drastic changes in art The mood and the soul of man at particular times is summed up perfectly in our art.There are various other reasons why I loved this book, but I will leave it at that so as not to spoil anything for the curious reader.

  10. says:

    This is a collection of essays on Jungian thought The initial essay was written by Jung, who also approved the other essays as true to his thinking shortly before his death in 1961.The Jungian approach integrates the unconscious and the conscious so that individuals can be whole, which generally involves tapping into our psychic center that is distinct from our conscious ego Civilization s focus on the ego and denial or ignorance of the unconscious results in all sorts of psychological health and social problems Regarding the latter, Jung makes a connection, but it is assertive than clear The best part of Jung is the emphasis on the instinctual energy within that needs to be recognized and accommodated in some way, and the recognition of our individuality that suggests there is a biological basis for character and temperament that influences how we experience the world Jung or one of the contributors references the psychic center as the unseen force within that pushes us in certain directions regardless of what our ego says or wants us to do This is a striking point.With Jung and his colleagues, dreams and symbols unlock the unconscious, but there seems to be an over interpretation of what s involved in these various expressions Dreams can express simple, individualized fears without tapping into universal or cosmic level archetypes Stone grave markers, per se, can be used not as symbols of universal yearnings for eternity but because they best endure over time to mark the memory of a lost one The last chapter was particularly problematic In one place, the writer suggests that most modern day concepts of physics were originally intuitive, semi mythological, archetypal ideas of the old Greek philosophers Off hand, this seems to take too much credit for Jungian thought Later, the writer says the relationship between the conscious and unconscious is also a form of compelmentarity seen in modern physics, and that the unconscious is similar to the field concept To say that there are similarities does not mean that consciousness is a particle and that the unconscious is a wave, and that the unconscious is, itself, a field as understood by physics It s fair to speculate about the connection between human psychology and physics since we are at least matter and energy, but the type of speculation seen in this last chapter strikes me as overly ambitious on behalf of Jungian thought.